"Rosemary Clooney Dies at 74"

Associated Press, June 30, 2002

LOS ANGELES -- Rosemary Clooney, the mellow-voiced singer who costarred with Bing Crosby in "White Christmas" and staged a dramatic comeback after her career was nearly destroyed by drugs and alcohol, has died. She was 74.

Clooney died shortly after 6 p.m. at her Beverly Hills home surrounded by her family, her publicist said. She had been hospitalized earlier this month after suffering a recurrence of lung cancer.

Clooney soared to fame with her 1951 record of "Come on-a My House," becoming a star in television and films. Her career was sidelined by her marriage to Oscar-winning actor Jose Ferrer and the births of their five children. The pair divorced, and her attempts to return to performing were sabotaged by her erratic behavior.

Having undergone a series of emotional upsets, including the assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert F. Kennedy, the blond singer racked up during a 1968 engagement in Reno.

She walked off the stage in a rage without finishing her act. As she recalled in her 1977 autobiography "This for Remembrance," she "fumed" in her dressing room. She wrote: "Nobody could approach me. I was like a hand grenade with the pin pulled. Nobody could tell whether it was a dud or the real thing, because one minute I could be completely sweet and kind, the next, a raving monster."

She underwent harrowing confinement in a psychotic ward, then began rebuilding her life, gradually resuming her career and reaching new heights as a singer.

Born in Maysville, Ky., on May 23, 1928, Rosemary Clooney started singing with her younger sister, Betty, on WLW radio in Cincinnati in 1945. Their salary: $20 apiece.

Bandleader Tony Pastor heard the girls when he was touring Ohio, and hired them. "The Clooney Sisters" made their debut with the band at the Steel Pier in Atlantic City in 1947.

Two years later, Betty tired of barnstorming with the Pastor band and returned to Cincinnati. Rosemary also decided it was time for a change. She headed for New York.

Clooney played a few dates on radio and early television shows and recorded for Columbia. One day in 1951, Mitch Miller, the mentor of Columbia Records, offered her a song with lyrics by Armenian-American author William Saroyan. It was called "Come on-a My House."

"I think it was a musically snobbish time in my life," she wrote in her memoirs. "I really hated that song. I hated the whole idea, and my first impression was, what a cheap way to get people's attention."

When she refused to record the song, Miller threatened to fire her. She agreed, using an Italian accent instead of Armenian "because it was the only kind of accent I knew."

The song became a huge hit, her first royalty check amounting to $130,000. Rosemary Clooney catapulted to stardom. In 1952 she signed a contract with Paramount Pictures and was hailed as "the next Betty Hutton."

Paramount starred her in four musicals: "The Stars Are Singing," "Here Come the Girls" (with Bob Hope), a Western spoof "Red Garters" and "White Christmas" (with Crosby and Danny Kaye). Musicals were going out of style, and after a cameo in "Deep in My Heart" at MGM, her film career was over.

Personal matters slowed the Clooney career. In 1953 she married Ferrer, the Puerto Rico-born actor and director whose brilliant stage career had been followed by success in films (Academy Award as best actor in "Cyrano de Bergerac," 1950; nomination as Toulouse-Lautrec in "Moulin Rouge," 1952).

It was the first marriage for Clooney, 25, the third for Ferrer, 41. Their first son, Miguel, was born in 1955. He was followed by Maria, 1956; Gabriel, 1957; Monsita, 1958; Rafael, 1960.

Clooney had also starred in two TV variety series, and the conflict of maintaining a career and a home for her husband and young children began to trouble her. Ferrer's womanizing caused her to divorce him in 1961. After a three-year reconciliation, they divorced for the final time in 1967.

More misfortune befell the singer. A two-year liaison with a young drummer ended when he walked out on her. She was devastated by King's assassination.

She was present with two of her children in the ballroom of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles when Robert F. Kennedy was shot.

For years she had taken pills to assuage personal grief and maintain her double life as a singing star and a single mother. Overeating had caused her to gain 60 pounds. Her children and associates became alarmed at her irrational behavior.

Miguel recalled in a 1976 interview that his mother became "wild, uncontrollable. Once she told a cab driver she had a gun and would kill him. When I started to cry, she shoved her rosary in my hand and told me to pray for him."

"My brink of despair was rushing up to meet me like the end of a runway for a plane lumbering in vain to get off the ground," she wrote in her autobiography. She detailed her transfer to a double-locked room ("I was a violent case in a violent ward") in St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica, where she had given birth to her five children.

Clooney's book was adapted for a 1982 TV movie, "Rosie: The Rosemary Clooney Story," with Sondra Locke portraying her.

After four years of therapy, Clooney return to performing in 1972 at Copenhagen's Tivoli Gardens. For the first time in years, she found joy in entertaining an audience.

"Then at Christmas in 1975 Bing called me," she said in a 1985 Associated Press interview. "He said he was going to do a concert at the Los Angeles Music Center. Would I appear with him?"

She agreed, thinking it would be a one-time benefit. But the pair continued on to Chicago, New York and London. The Clooney career was reborn. She won a new record contract, and singing dates poured in.

Critics detected a new quality in Clooney's singing. Wrote Philip Elwood in the San Francisco Examiner: "She really loves singing, singing just for the hell of it. She opens her mouth, gives a little smile, half-closes her eyes and vocally fondles the lyrics of 'Everything Happens to Me' or 'How Long Has This Been Going On?' or 'I've Got a Crush on You.' And subsequently, listeners wonder why these songs never sounded so good before."

Heartthrob George Clooney of NBC's hit medical series "ER" is Rosemary's nephew, son of her brother, veteran TV newscaster Nick Clooney.